Microsoft PowerPoint – Wikipedia.Free PowerPoint Templates – High Quality
Start here. Switch from G Suite. Quick Starts. Microsoft Accessibility Help. Office Accessibility Training. Office training. LinkedIn Learning. Learn the basics Get going quickly and easily with Microsoft video training. Quick Starts Get up to speed in no time with these popular guides. Collaborate Do your best work together. With Microsoft , you can collaborate with anyone, anywhere. Office for the web training Learn how to stay productive in Office from any browser with these brand new courses.
Cheat sheets Get up to speed fast with these quick references and keyboard shortcuts. Infographics Get inspired with cool new infographics for your favorite Office apps. For small businesses Watch these short, easy videos to help you set up Microsoft Modern workplace training Learn how to get more work done, from anywhere on any device with Microsoft and Windows Macros can also contain sub-macros which are similar to subroutines. In Access , enhanced macros included error-handling and support for temporary variables.
Access also introduced embedded macros that are essentially properties of an object’s event. This eliminated the need to store macros as individual objects. However, macros were limited in their functionality by a lack of programming loops and advanced coding logic until Access With significant further enhancements introduced in Access , the capabilities of macros became fully comparable to VBA.
They made feature rich web-based application deployments practical, via a greatly enhanced Microsoft SharePoint interface and tools, as well as on traditional Windows desktops. It is similar to Visual Basic 6.
To create a richer, more efficient and maintainable finished product with good error handling, most professional Access applications are developed using the VBA programming language rather than macros, except where web deployment is a business requirement. In the database container or navigation pane in Access and later versions, the system automatically categorizes each object by type e.
Many Access developers use the Leszynski naming convention , though this is not universal; it is a programming convention, not a DBMS-enforced rule. Developers deploy Microsoft Access most often for individual and workgroup projects the Access 97 speed characterization was done for 32 users. Databases under 1 GB in size which can now fit entirely in RAM and simultaneous users are well within the capabilities of Microsoft Access. Disk-intensive work such as complex searching and querying take the most time.
As data from a Microsoft Access database can be cached in RAM, processing speed may substantially improve when there is only a single user or if the data is not changing.
In the past, the effect of packet latency on the record-locking system caused Access databases to run slowly on a virtual private network VPN or a wide area network WAN against a Jet database. As of , [update] broadband connections have mitigated this issue. Performance can also be enhanced if a continuous connection is maintained to the back-end database throughout the session rather than opening and closing it for each table access. In July , Microsoft acknowledged an intermittent query performance problem with all versions of Access and Windows 7 and Windows Server R2 due to the nature of resource management being vastly different in newer operating systems.
In earlier versions of Microsoft Access, the ability to distribute applications required the purchase of the Developer Toolkit; in Access , and Access the “Runtime Only” version is offered as a free download,  making the distribution of royalty-free applications possible on Windows XP, Vista, 7 and Windows 8.
Microsoft Access applications can adopt a split-database architecture. The single database can be divided into a separate “back-end” file that contains the data tables shared on a file server and a “front-end” containing the application’s objects such as queries, forms, reports, macros, and modules.
The “front-end” Access application is distributed to each user’s desktop and linked to the shared database. Using this approach, each user has a copy of Microsoft Access or the runtime version installed on their machine along with their application database. This reduces network traffic since the application is not retrieved for each use. The “front-end” database can still contain local tables for storing a user’s settings or temporary data.
This split-database design also allows development of the application independent of the data. One disadvantage is that users may make various changes to their own local copy of the application and this makes it hard to manage version control. When a new version is ready, the front-end database is replaced without impacting the data database. Microsoft Access has two built-in utilities, Database Splitter  and Linked Table Manager, to facilitate this architecture.
Linked tables in Access use absolute paths rather than relative paths, so the development environment either has to have the same path as the production environment or a “dynamic-linker” routine can be written in VBA. For very large Access databases, this may have performance issues and a SQL backend should be considered in these circumstances. To scale Access applications to enterprise or web solutions, one possible technique involves migrating to Microsoft SQL Server or equivalent server database.
A client—server design significantly reduces maintenance and increases security, availability, stability, and transaction logging. This feature was removed from Access A variety of upgrading options are available. The corresponding SQL Server data type is binary, with only two states, permissible values, zero and 1. Regardless, SQL Server is still the easiest migration.
Retrieving data from linked tables is optimized to just the records needed, but this scenario may operate less efficiently than what would otherwise be optimal for SQL Server. For example, in instances where multi-table joins still require copying the whole table across the network. The views and stored procedures can significantly reduce the network traffic for multi-table joins. Finally, some Access databases are completely replaced by another technology such as ASP.
NET or Java once the data is converted. Further, Access application procedures, whether VBA and macros, are written at a relatively higher level versus the currently available alternatives that are both robust and comprehensive. Note that the Access macro language, allowing an even higher level of abstraction than VBA, was significantly enhanced in Access and again in Access In many cases, developers build direct web-to-data interfaces using ASP.
NET, while keeping major business automation processes, administrative and reporting functions that don’t need to be distributed to everyone in Access for information workers to maintain. Microsoft Access applications can be made secure by various methods, the most basic being password access control; this is a relatively weak form of protection. A higher level of protection is the use of workgroup security requiring a user name and password.
Users and groups can be specified along with their rights at the object type or individual object level. This can be used to specify people with read-only or data entry rights but may be challenging to specify.
A separate workgroup security file contains the settings which can be used to manage multiple databases. Databases can also be encrypted. MDE file. Some tools are available for unlocking and ” decompiling “, although certain elements including original VBA comments and formatting are normally irretrievable. Microsoft Access saves information under the following file formats :.
There are no Access versions between 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Database manager part of the Microsoft Office package. Microsoft Office Access running on Windows Office Beta Channel See also: Web form. Main article: Upsizing database. The Verge. Retrieved October 5, PC Mag. Ziff Davis, Inc. Retrieved May 23, Retrieved October 15, Retrieved March 13, Retrieved January 2, November 14, September 4, July 31, October 16, November 20, November 4, July 13, July 20, The Old New Thing.
April 13, Retrieved May 20, Retrieved June 13, July 22, Retrieved April 24, Retrieved September 4, Office Blogs. September 7, Retrieved August 20, Retrieved January 17, Retrieved June 15, From access to SQL server. Apress Series. ISBN Retrieved July 8, SQL pass-through queries are queries in which you can enter a statement that is passed directly to the ODBC driver without the Jet engine validating it or parsing it in any way.
Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved September 22, Retrieved July 19, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved October 23, Retrieved July 20, Office 97 Resource Kit.
Retrieved May 2, Microsoft Office website. Archived from the original on February 2, Archived from the original on March 4, Archived from the original on June 15, Microsoft TechNet. April 28, February 19, December 16, Retrieved August 15, Wikimedia Commons has media related to Microsoft Access. Microsoft Office. History Microsoft Discontinued shared tools Accounting Docs.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. November ; 29 years ago Microsoft Windows. Access Database, used for addins Access 2, 95, 97 , previously used for workgroups Access 2. Windows 3. Windows 95 .
Windows 95 , Windows NT 3.
PowerPoint became a component of the Microsoft Office suite, first offered in for Macintosh  and in for Windows which bundled several Microsoft apps.
Beginning with Microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free 4. PowerPoint’s market share was very small at first, prior to introducing a version for Microsoft Windows, but grew rapidly with the growth of Windows and of Office. PowerPoint was originally designed to provide visuals for group presentations within business organizations, but has come to be very widely used in many other communication situations, both in business and beyond.
The first PowerPoint version Macintosh was used to produce overhead transparencies,  the second MacintoshWindows could also produce color 35 mm slides.
Development from that spec was begun by Austin in Novemberfor Macintosh first. Throughout this development period, the product was called “Presenter. Gaskins says that he thought of “PowerPoint”, based on the product’s goal of “empowering” individual presenters, and sent that name to the lawyers for clearance, while all the documentation was hastily revised. Funding to complete development of PowerPoint was assured in mid-January,when a new Apple Computer venture capital fund, called Apple’s Strategic Investment Group,  selected PowerPoint to be its first investment.
PowerPoint 1. By earlyMicrosoft was starting to plan a new application to create presentations, an activity led by Jeff Raikeswho was head of marketing for the Applications Division. Raikes later recounted his reaction to seeing PowerPoint and his report about it to Bill Gateswho was initially skeptical: . I thought, “software to do overheads—that’s a great idea. I said, “Bill, I think we really ought to do this;” and Bill said, “No, no, no, no, no, that’s just a feature of Microsoft Word, just put it into Word.
And I kept saying, “Bill, no, it’s not just a feature of Microsoft Word, it’s microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free whole genre of how people do these presentations. When PowerPoint microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free released by Forethought, its initial press was favorable; the Wall Street Journal reported on early reactions: ” ‘I see about one product a year I get this excited about,’ says Amy Wohl, a consultant in Bala Cynwyd, Pa.
On April 28,a week after shipment, a group of Microsoft’s senior executives spent another day at Forethought to hear about initial PowerPoint sales on Macintosh and plans for Windows. The New York Times reported: . Forethought makes a program called 2016 full mega free that allows users of Apple Macintosh computers to make overhead transparencies or flip charts.
Forethought would remain in Sunnyvale, giving Microsoft a Silicon Valley presence. The unit will be headed by Robert Gaskins, Forethought’s vice president of product development. Microsoft’s president Jon Shirley offered Microsoft’s motivation for the acquisition: ” ‘We made this deal primarily because of our belief in desktop presentations as a product category.
Forethought was first to market with a product in this category. Adobe standard dc uk free set up within its Applications Division an independent “Graphics Business Unit” to develop and market PowerPoint, the first Microsoft application group distant from the main Redmond location. A new PowerPoint 2. PowerPoint 3. This was at first an alternative to overhead transparencies and 35 mm slides, but over time would come to replace them.
PowerPoint had been included in Microsoft Office from the beginning. PowerPoint 2. A plan to integrate the applications themselves more tightly had been indicated as early as Februarytoward the end of PowerPoint 3. Another important question is what portion of our applications sales over time will be a set of applications versus a single product. Please assume that we stay ahead in integrating our family на этой странице in evaluating our future strategies—the product teams WILL deliver on this.
The move from bundling separate products to integrated development began with PowerPoint 4. When it was released, the computer press reported on the change approvingly: “PowerPoint 4. The integration is so good, you’ll have to look twice to make sure you’re running PowerPoint and not Word or Excel. Although PowerPoint by this point had become part of the integrated Microsoft Office product, its development remained in Silicon Valley.
Succeeding versions of PowerPoint introduced important changes, particularly version Since then major development of PowerPoint as part of Office has continued. New development techniques shared across Office for PowerPoint have made it possible to ship versions of PowerPoint for Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, and web access nearly simultaneously, [ citation needed ] and to release new features on an almost monthly schedule.
InJeff Raikes, who had most recently been Microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free of the Business Division of Microsoft including responsibility for Office observed: “of course, today we know that PowerPoint is oftentimes the number two—or in some cases even the number one—most-used tool” among the applications in Office.
PowerPoint’s initial sales were about 40, copies sold in nine monthsabout 85, copies inand aboutcopies inall for Macintosh. Jeff Raikes, who had bought PowerPoint for Microsoft, later recalled: “Byit looked like it wasn’t a very smart idea [for Microsoft to have acquired PowerPoint], because not very many people were using PowerPoint. This began to change when autodesk 3ds max 2009 keygen free first version for Windows, PowerPoint 2.
Sales of PowerPoint 3. By PowerPoint sales had doubled again, to more than 4 million copies annually, representing 85 percent of the world market. Since microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free late s, PowerPoint’s market share of total world presentation software has been estimated at 95 percent by both industry and academic sources.
The earliest version of PowerPoint for Macintosh could be used to print black and white pages to be photocopied onto sheets of transparent film for projection from overhead projectorsand to print speaker’s notes and audience handouts; the next version for Macintosh, for Windows was extended to also produce color 35mm slides by communicating a file over a modem to a Genigraphics imaging center with slides returned by overnight delivery for projection microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free slide projectors.
PowerPoint was used for planning and preparing a presentation, but not for delivering it apart from previewing it on a computer screen, or distributing printed paper copies. Robert Gaskins, one of the creators of PowerPoint, says he publicly demonstrated that use for the first time at a large Microsoft meeting held in Paris on February 25,by using an unreleased development build of PowerPoint 3.
By aboutten years later, digital projection had become the dominant mode of use, replacing transparencies and 35mm slides and their projectors. Although the PowerPoint software had been used to generate transparencies for over a decade, this usage was not typically encompassed by a common understanding of the term.
In contemporary operation, PowerPoint is used to create a file called a “presentation” or “deck” containing a sequence of pages called “slides” in the app which microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free have a consistent style from template mastersand which may contain information imported from other apps or created in /23360.txt, including text, bullet lists, tables, charts, drawn shapes, images, audio clips, video clips, animations of elements, and animated transitions between slides, plus attached notes for each slide.
After microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free a file is created, typical operation is to present it as a slide show using a portable computer, where microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free presentation file is stored on the computer or available from a network, and the computer’s screen shows a “presenter view” with current slide, next slide, speaker’s notes for the current slide, and other information.
A smartphone remote control built in to PowerPoint for iOS optionally controlled from Apple Watch  and for Android  allows the presenter to control the show from elsewhere in the room. In addition to a computer microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free show projected to a live audience by a speaker, PowerPoint can be used to deliver a presentation in a number of other ways:.
The standard form of such presentations involves a перейти person standing before a group of people, talking and using the PowerPoint slideshow to project visual aids onto a screen. In practice, however, presentations are not always delivered in this mode.
In our studies, we often found that the presenter sat at a table with a small group of people and walked them through a “deck”, composed of paper copies of the slides. In some cases, decks were simply distributed to individuals, without even a walk-through or discussion. Other variations in microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free form included sending the PowerPoint file electronically to another site and talking through the slides over an audio or video channel e.
Another common variation was placing a PowerPoint file on microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free web site microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free people to view at different times.
They found that some of these ways of using PowerPoint could influence the content of presentations, for example when “the slides themselves have to carry more of the substance of the presentation, and thus need considerably more content than they would have if they were intended for projection by a speaker who would orally provide additional details and nuance about content and context.
PowerPoint Mobile is included with Windows Mobile 5. It is a presentation program capable of reading and editing Microsoft PowerPoint presentations, although authoring abilities are limited to adding notes, editing text, and rearranging slides.
It can’t create new microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free. In this version microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free PowerPoint users can create and edit new presentations, present, and share their PowerPoint documents. PowerPoint for the web is a free lightweight version of Microsoft PowerPoint available as part of Office on the web, which also includes web versions of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word.
PowerPoint for the web does not support inserting or editing charts, equations, microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free audio or video stored on your PC, but they are all displayed in the presentation if they were added in using a desktop app. Some elements, like WordArt effects or more advanced animations and transitions, microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free not displayed at all, although they are preserved in the document.
PowerPoint for the web also lacks the Outline, Master, Slide Sorter, and Presenter views present in the desktop app, as well as having limited printing options. PowerPoint was originally targeted just for business presentations. Robert Gaskins, who was responsible for its design, has written about his intended customers: ” I did not target other existing large groups of users of presentations, such as school teachers or military officers. I also did not plan to target people who were not existing users of presentations Our focus was purely on business users, in small and large companies, from one person to the largest multinationals.
PowerPoint use смотрите подробнее business grew over its first five years to sales of about 1 million microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free annually, for microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free market share of 63 percent.
Not everyone immediately approved of the greater use of PowerPoint for presentations, even in business. At the same time that PowerPoint was becoming dominant in business settings, it was also being adopted for uses beyond business: “Personal computing The result has been the rise of presentation culture.
In an information society, nearly everyone presents. Inat about the same time that Gold was pronouncing PowerPoint’s ubiquity in business, the influential Bell Labs engineer Robert W. Lucky could already write about broader uses: . A new language is in the air, and it is codified in PowerPoint. In a family discussion about what to do on a given evening, for example, I feel like pulling out my microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free and giving a Vugraph presentation In church, I am surprised that the preachers microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free caught on yet.
How have we gotten on so long without PowerPoint? Over a decade or so, beginning in the mid s, PowerPoint began to be used in many communication situations, well beyond its original business presentation uses, to include teaching in schools  and in universities,  lecturing in scientific meetings  and preparing their related poster sessions worshipping in churches,  making legal arguments in courtrooms,  displaying supertitles in theaters,  driving helmet-mounted displays in spacesuits for NASA astronauts,  giving military briefings,  issuing governmental reports,  undertaking diplomatic negotiations,   writing novels,  giving architectural demonstrations,  prototyping website designs,  creating animated video games,  creating art projects,  and even as a substitute for writing engineering technical reports,  and as an organizing tool for writing general business documents.
Byit seemed that PowerPoint was being used everywhere. Julia Keller reported for the Chicago Tribune : . In less than a decade, it has revolutionized the worlds of business, education, science, and communications, swiftly becoming the microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free for just about anybody who wants to explain just about anything to just about anybody else. From corporate middle managers reporting on production goals to 4th-graders windows home hyper-v manager a show-and-tell on the French and По этому сообщению War to church pastors explicating the seven deadly sins PowerPoint seems poised for world domination.
As uses broadened, cultural awareness of PowerPoint grew and commentary about it began to appear. Out of all the analyses of PowerPoint over a quarter of a century, at least three general themes emerged as categories of reaction to its broader use: microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free “Use it less”: avoid PowerPoint in favor of alternatives, such as using more-complex graphics and written prose, or using nothing;  2 “Use it differently”: make a major change to a PowerPoint style that is simpler and pictorial, turning the presentation toward a performance, more like a Steve Jobs keynote;  and 3 “Use it better”: retain much of the conventional PowerPoint style but learn to avoid making many kinds of mistakes that can interfere with communication.
Microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free early reaction was that the broader use of PowerPoint was a mistake, and should be reversed. An influential example of this came from Edward Tuftean authority on information design, who has been a professor of political science, statistics, and computer science at Princeton and Yale, but is best known for his self-published books on data visualization, which have sold nearly 2 million microsoft office powerpoint 2007 templates free as of Inhe published a widely-read booklet titled The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint, revised in PowerPoint’s convenience for some presenters is costly to the content and the audience.
These costs arise from the cognitive style characteristics of the standard default PP presentation: foreshortening of evidence and thought, low spatial resolution, an intensely hierarchical single-path structure as the model for organizing every type of content, breaking up narratives and data into slides and minimal fragments, rapid /8525.txt sequencing of thin information rather than focused spatial analysis, conspicuous chartjunk and PP Phluff, branding of slides with logotypes, a preoccupation with format not content, incompetent designs for data graphics and tables, and a smirky commercialism that turns information into a sales pitch and presenters into marketeers [italics in original].
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